Standard Poodle



Other names   Caniche Pudelhund
Origin  Uncertain - France Germany Africa

The Standard Poodle is a medium- to large-sized dog. When groomed to
show dog standards the body is meant to give off a square appearance. It
is approximately the same length as the height at the withers. The
skull is moderately rounded with a slight but definite stop. It has a
long, straight muzzle. The dark, oval-shaped eyes are set somewhat far
apart and are black or brown. The ears hang close to the head and are
long and flat. Both the front and back legs are in proportion with the
size of the dog. The topline is level. The tail is set and carried high.
It is sometimes docked to half its length or less to make the dog look
more balanced. Dewclaws may be removed. The oval-shaped feet are rather
small and the toes are arched. The coat is either curly or corded. It
comes in all solid colors including black, blue, silver, gray, cream,
apricot, red, white, brown or café-au-lait. While it does not make the
written show standard, some breeders are breeding parti-colored Poodles

Temperament

The Standard Poodle is proud, graceful, noble, good-natured, enjoyable and cheerful. This highly intelligent dog is one of the most trainable breeds. Some can be trained to hunt. The Standard Poodle is generally lower energy and often calmer than the smaller varieties of Poodles, but will become high strung if you do not give it the proper amount and type of exercise. It is sensitive to the tone of one's voice and will not listen if it senses that it is stronger minded than its owner, however it will also not respond well to harsh discipline. Owners need to be calm, yet possess an air of natural authority. It are not the type of dog to live outside in a kennel, as it enjoys being with its owners and dislikes being alone. It is generally friendly toward strangers, and is excellent with children. The Standard Poodle is good with other dogs. Some can make good guard dogs. Make sure you are this dog's firm, consistent, confident pack leader, providing daily pack walks to avoid separation anxiety and other unwanted behavior issues.

Health

A long-lived breed, Poodles are, nevertheless, subject to many genetic diseases. Runny eyes, cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy, which may cause blindness. Allergies and skin conditions are common, possibly due to unskilled use of clippers or allergies to shampoo and/or color reinforcer. Hip dysplasia and ear infections are also common. They are prone to Von Willebrand's Disease. Brown Poodles tend to become prematurely gray. Prone to bloat, so it is wise to feed your Standard 2-3 small meals a day, rather than one large one.

If given enough exercise, Standard Poodles are relatively inactive
indoors. They will be okay in an apartment if they are sufficiently
exercised. A small yard will suffice.

The Standard Poodle needs to be taken on a daily walk. Although they adore water and love to go for walks, Poodles are not demanding as far as exercise goes, so long as they get their walk in. They however, will keep in better spirits and be fitter if given regular opportunities to run and play off the leash in a safe area. The Standard retains its sporting instincts, has great stamina, and needs more activity than the smaller varieties.

Grooming

Extensive grooming is needed if the dog is to be shown. Poodles must be bathed regularly and clipped every six to eight weeks. Clean and check the ears frequently for wax or mites or infection and pull out hairs growing inside the ear canal. The teeth need regular scaling. Since the coat does not shed it needs to be clipped. There are several different types of Poodle clips. The most common for pet owners is an easy care clip called a "pet clip," "puppy clip" or "lamb clip," where the coat is cut short all over the body. Popular show clips are the English saddle and the Continental clip, where the rear half of the body is shaved, bracelets are left around the ankles, and pom-poms are left on the tails and hips. The AKC standard allows for a dog under a year old to be shown in a show-style puppy clip which has special requirements such as a pom-pom on the end of the tail. Other clip styles are the modified continental clip, town and country clip, kennel or utility clip, summer clip, and the Miami of bikini clip. Poodles shed little to no hair and are good for allergy sufferers.

History

The Poodle has been known throughout Western Europe for at least 400 years and is depicted in 15th century paintings and in bas-reliefs from the 1st century. The subject is controversial of where the dog was officially developed and no one really knows the breed’s true country of origin. France has taken a claim on the origin, but the AKC gives the honor to Germany, where they say it was used as a water retrieval dog. Other claims have been Denmark, or the ancient Piedmont. What is certain is that the dog was a descendant of the now-extinct French Water Dog, the Barbet and possibly the Hungarian Water Hound. The name "Poodle" most likely came out of the German word "Pudel," which means "one who plays in water." The "Poodle clip" was designed by hunters to help the dogs swim more efficiently. They would leave hair on the leg joints to protect them from extreme cold and sharp reeds. The hunters in Germany and France used the Poodle as a gundog and as a retriever of waterfowl and to sniff out truffles laying underground in the woods. The French started using the breed as a circus performer because of the dog's high intelligence and trainability. The breed became very popular in France, which led to the common name "French Poodle," but the French people actually called the breed the "Caniche," meaning "duck dog.” The Toy and Miniature Poodle varieties were bred down from larger dogs, today known as Standard Poodles. In the 18th century smaller poodles became popular with royal people. The three official sizes are the Toy, Miniature and Standard Poodle. They are considered one breed and are judged by the same written standard but with different size requirements. Breeders are also breeding an in-between size called a Klein Poodle (Moyen Poodle) and a smaller Teacup Poodle. Some of the Poodle's talents include: retrieving, agility, watchdog, competitive obedience and performing tricks.


Colors


~Black~

It seems like a very simple, straight forward color doesn't it? Don't be fooled! True blacks are born inky black, have black points (lips, pads, nose, and eyelids) and their skin looks blue! When shaved for the first time, there should be no color variance in the hairs you just shaved and the longer hair. If the hair is a greyish color when shaved, the dog is more likely a 'silver'.  














~White~

White poodles are born exactly that, white. You can also have apricot and cream puppies eventually fade to white by the time you need to register them under their true color though, but a true white is born white, with black points.



















~Cream~

Lighter than apricot. Always with a black nose. 
Many creams turn white depending on color pedigree and strength of color genes.


















~Apricot~

Slightly Darker than Cream throughout the coat. More of a vibrant color compared to the above 'cream' color. Always with a black nose, and darker ears. Many apricots turn cream with age and fading.





















~Reds~
Red's come in a variety of shades from light, to dark/mahoganey red, all based on color genetics. All photos are puppies produced by Stunningly Sweet Standards. Depending on genetics, many light, medium and regular reds, can fade to apricots and darker reds can fade to a lighter shade.

Light Red/Apricot















Medium Red















Regular Red

















Dark/Mahoganey Red




















~Cafe Au Lait~
It looks like a possible mix between apricot/cream/choc. ALWAYS with a liver colored nose, this is the defining trait of a Cafe Au Lait dog, they MUST have a liver nose. Café Au Lait's and Silver Beige are very easily confused, and hard to determine which is which. The main determining factor is a true Café Au Lait, is born it's original color, Silver Beige's have to fade to their true color. Café Au Lait as an adult is also a bit darker in shade than Silver Beige.

















How can I tell if I have a Silver Beige or a Café Au Lait poodle?

Start with these questions:         1.) What color is the nose?   Liver Nose = It could be either Silver Beige of Café  lait.
Black Nose = You have a Silver Beige Poodle!

                                                                      2.)  What color were they when they were born?     The color hasn't changed much = Café Au Lait.
  Originally they were dark brown/choc. = Silver Beige


~Silver Beige~
Silver beige starts out looking pure brown (they are a lot like Silver dogs because not until you shave their hair or look down into the roots, will you see the change coming). Once you shave them, you can see the cream undertones to their hair. Café Au Lait's and Silver Beige are very easily confused, and hard to determine which is which. Both can have liver noses, but a Café Au Lait MUST have one, Silver Beige can have black or liver. The main determining factor is a true Café Au Lait, is born it's original color, but a Silver Beige has to be born brown/chocolate and fade into it's true color.
















~Brown/Chocolate~

Brown is another color that will fade if not properly produced with strong brown color genes. There are different shades of brown as well, lighter browns with a liver nose, to deep dark chocolate. This dog is a great example of what a nice dark brown should look like as an adult if it has exceptional color genetics. Notice how the shaved face is still just as dark as the top knot. The tips of the hair on the ears are faded, but that occurs due to growth and age of the hair and exposure to sunlight. Just like people who are out in the sun a lot, can get sun-bleached hair.

























~Blue~
Blue dogs start out looking black, then get a 'muted' tone to their coat. Like a black shirt that has been washed alot. It looks like you took black paint, added a dark blue and splash of sliver in it. An Ashy looking color. Too light to be black, and too dark to be silver. A beautiful color!




















~Silver~
aka "Grey"

Many silver dogs start out looking black. Then once you shave them, you can see the silver hair down by the roots. After several years, they completely turn.




















~Multicolors~
Mulitcolors start to raise an eyebrow or two. But rest assured that Poodles originally were more than one color. Over the years people tried to breed the multicolor out of poodles to gain just solid coloring. But for these past several decades mulitcolors are coming back and are more beautiful than ever!
Multiple colors on a poodle does NOT mean it is a mixed breed dog.

You can have a poodle of several colors and have a pure pedigree.


~Brindle~

Brindle is a very common pattern to occur in the dog breed world, not only with Poodles but with Danes, Boxers, Mastiffs etc. Brindle can occur as any color but the unique characteristic that makes it 'brindle' are the tiger stripes!
Pictured here is a Silver Brindle Tuxedo.





















~Sable~

Sable is also another common color to occur in the dog breed world like the 'Shepherd Family'. I like to describe Sable as a  'burnt toast color' most commonly brown with black tipping. Sable is the most drastic changing color scheme out there (I think). They look completely different at birth compared to 6 months old. Once fully matured, the only part of their body which held it's original color, are the ears.




















~Ticking~

Ticking is more of a 'marking' than an actual color, because you can have a dog of a certain color that also has ticking. Ticking is little specs of color all over the dog. Very much like the Spaniel group of dogs.



















~Parti~
Parti Poodles could very well be the most popular multicolored poodle available. Parti is a term that means 'Particularly' colored. A Parti Poodle is a dog that has a white base with large irregular patches of another color. Parti Poodles can come as any color or pattern in the poodle family. There are Sable Parti's, Brindle Partis etc. Pictured here is a Black and White Parti Poodle Puppy.

















~Phantom~

Phantom coloring is a dog that has one main color, and then has 'tips' of another color. If you can picture the coloring of a Rottweiler, or a Doberman, this is the same color scheme. Phantom can occur with any color, A Silver Phantom with White points, A Chocolate phantom with Cream points, A black phantom with tan points.






















~Tuxedo~

A Tuxedo is also more a color 'scheme'. Tuxedo is a type of Parti Poodle Coloring. The characteristic of a Tuxedo Parti Poodle is a 'blanket' or 'saddle' of color over it's back. There is white from the throat all the way down the neck, on the chest, abdomen and up the underside of the tail, down the inside of the legs and up the outside of the legs. A Tuxedo can be any color. Pictured here is a Blue and White Tuxedo.